- Needs Assessment
- Learning Environment Analysis
- Existing curricula
- Larger system
When analyzing learning context it is
important to understand that context refers to more than just the
physical aspects of learning, like the location where the learning will be conducted.
Learning context also refers to the temporal and social environment that are part of
the learning process (Smith & Ragan, 2005). The first step in performing
a learning context analysis is to evaluate the need for instruction through
a needs assessment. Once the instructional need model is determined
then an analysis of the learning environment is conducted.
A needs assessment first assesses whether or not new instruction is
needed at all. It is generally ill-advised to waste time and money
developing new instruction if the instruction in place is already effective,
efficient, and engaging. Don't fix what isn't broke. If it is ascertained
that an instructional intervention is required the designer will also know
what needs assessment model type should be used
Learning environments will vary, but generally analysis of the learning
environment should consists of an analysis of at least the following items:
teachers, existing curricula, equipment, facilities, organizations, and any
over-arching system in play.