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Researchers/Theorists

Anderson, John R.

John R. Anderson

Bio

Lifespan: 1947 - Present

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Research

Adaptive Control of Thought—Rational (ACT-R)

ACT-R Publications

The Research Behind the Carnegie Mellon Math Learning Series

Videos

Atkinson, Richard

Atkinson, Richard

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Website

Ausubel, David

David Ausubel

Bio

Lifespan: 1918 - 2008

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Baddeley, Alan

Alan Baddeley

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Research

Working Memory Model

Bandura, Albert

Albert Bandura

Bio

Born: Mundare, Alberta, Canada

Lifespan: 1925 -

Learning Theory: Cognitivism/Constructivism

Known For: Research on Self-efficacy

Barrows, Howard

Howard Barrows

Bio

Lifespan: 1928 - 2011

Learning Theory: Constructivism

Known For: Problem-Based Learning

 

Bartlett, Sir Frederick

Frederic Bartlett

Bio

Lifespan: 1886 - 1969

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: Memory schema

Publications

(1932) Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

 

Bloom, Benjamin S.

Benjamin S. Bloom

Bio

Lifespan: 1913 - 1999

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Bruner, Jerome

Jerome Bruner

Bio

Lifespan: 1915 -

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: Coined the term "scaffolding"

Website

http://psych.nyu.edu/bruner/

Brünken, Roland

Roland Brüken

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Clark, Richard E.

Richard E. Clark

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory:

Clark, Ruth Colvin

Ruth Colvin Clark

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

de Bono, Edward

Edward de Bono

Bio

Lifespan: 1933 - Present

Learning Theory: Constructivism

de Groot, Adriaan

Adriaan de Groot

Bio

Lifespan: 1914 - 2006

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Known For: Studied chess players to determine the differences in knowledge between novice chess players and master chess players.

Publications

(1965). Thought and Choice in Chess

(1966). Perception and Memory Versus Thought: Some old ideas and Recent Findings. In Kleinmuntz, B. (ed.), Problem Solving, Wiley, New York.

Dewey, John

John Dewey

Bio

Lifespan: 1859 - 1953

Learning Theory: Constructivism

Publications

(1916). Democracy in education. New York: Harper & Row.

Dijkstra, Edsger WybeEdsger Wybe Dijkstra

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory:

 

Downes, Stephen

Stephen Downes

Bio

Learning Theory: Connectionism

Website: http://www.downes.ca/

Driscoll, Marcy P.

Marcy P. Driscoll

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory:

 

Ebbinghaus, Hermann

Herman Ebbinghaus

Bio

Lifespan: 1850 - 1909

Learning Theory:

Known For: The forgetting curve. The spacing effect.

 

Freire, Paulo

Paulo Freire

Bio

Lifespan: 1921 - 1997

Learning Theory: Humanism

Freud, Sigmund

Sigmund Freud

Bio

Lifespan: 1856 - 1939

Learning Theory: Humanism

Gagné, Robert Mills

Robert Mills Gagne

Bio

Lifespan: 1916 - 2002

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Known For: Events of Instruction (1965), Conditions for Learning (1965)

Gardner, Howard

Howard Gardner

Bio

Lifespan: 1943

Learning Theory: Constructivism

Herrnstein, Richard

Richard Herrnstein

Bio

Lifespan: 1930 - 1994

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Known For: Matching Law

Holyoak, Kieth

Keith Holyoak

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory:

Gee, James Paul

James Paul Gee

Bio

Lifespan: 1948 -

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Website

Jonassen, David H.

David H. Jonassen

Bio

Lifespan: 1947 - 2012

Learning Theory: Constructivism

Website: http://itls.usu.edu:8080/groups/6505_knowledgebase/wiki/945a3/

Kahneman, Daniel

Daniel Kahneman

Bio

Lifespan: 1934

Learning Theory:

Known For: Cognitive biases, behavioral economics, prospect theory

Keller, John M.

John M. Keller

Bio

Lifespan: 1938 -

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: ARCS Model

Website

Knowles, Malcolm S.

Malcolm S. Knowles

Bio

Lifespan: 1913 - 1997

Learning Theory: Constructivism/Humanism

Koffka, Kurt

Kurt Koffka

Bio

Lifespan: 1886 - 1941

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Kolb, David

David Kolb

Bio

Lifespan: 1939 -

Learning Theory: Constructivism

Know For: Learning Style Inventory (LSI)

Website

Maslow, Abraham

Abraham Maslow

Bio

Lifespan: 1908 - 1970

Learning Theory: Humanism

Known For: Articulator of a theory of human motivation based on a synthesis of holistic and dynamic principles.

Mayer, Richard E.

Richard E. Mayer

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML).

Website

Merrill, David

David Merrill

Bio

Lifespan: 1938 - Present

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: TIC-CIT authoring system (1970s)l, Component Display Theory (CDT)(1980s), ID based on knowledge objects, First Principles of Instruction (2002) , Pebble-in-the-Pond Model (2002).

Publications

(1994) Instructional Design Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications

Website

Miller, George Armitage

George Armitage Miller

Bio

Lifespan: 1920 - 2012

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Publications

(1956) The magical number seven, plus or minus two. Psychological Review, 63, 81-97.

Moore, Michel

Michel Moore

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory:

Publications

(2011) Distance Education: A Systems View of Online Learning. Wadsworth Publishing

Videos

A System View of Distance Education

Website

https://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/adult-education/faculty/michael-g-moore

Moreno, Roxana

Roxana Moreno

Bio

Lifespan: 19?? - 2010

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Newell, Allen

Allen Newell

Bio

Lifespan: 1927 - 1992

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: The SOAR Cognitive Architecture, means-ends analysis, list processing, heuristics, General Problem Solver (GPS) developed with Herbert Simon.

Videos

Paivio, Allan

Allan Paivio

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: Dual Coding Theory

Pavlov, Ivan

Ivan Pavlov

Bio

Lifespan: 1849 - 1936

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Piaget, Jean

Jean Piaget

Bio

Lifespan: 1896 - 1980

Learning Theory: Cognitivism/Constructivism

Plass, Jan L.

Jan L. Plass

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Publications

Cognitive Load Theory (2010)

Pólya, George

George Pólya

Bio

Lifespan: 1887 - 1985

Learning Theory:

Known For: Heuristics and mathematics education

Reigeluth, Charles M.

Charles M. Reigeluth

Bio

Lifespan: 1947 -

Learning Theory: Constructivism

Known For: Elaboration Theory

Richey, Rita C.

Rita C. Richey

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory:

Rogers, Carl

Carl Rogers

Bio

Lifespan: 1902 - 1987

Learning Theory: Humanism

Rogers, Everett M.

Everett M. Rogers

Bio

Lifespan: 1931 - 2004

Publications

(2003) Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press.

Schiffrin, Richard

Richard Schiffrin

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Website

Siemens, George

George Siemens

Bio

Learning Theory: Connectionism

Simon, Herbert

Herbert Simon

Bio

Lifespan: 1916 - 2001

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: Simon was among the founding fathers of several of today's important scientific domains, including artificial intelligence, information processing, decision-making, problem-solving, organization theory, complex systems, computer simulation of scientific discovery. He coined the terms bounded rationality and satisficing.

Awards: Nobel Peace rize in Economic (1978).

Website: http://diva.library.cmu.edu/Simon/

Skinner, B. F.

B. F. Skinner

Bio

Lifespan: 1904 - 1990

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Known For: Operant Conditioning, S-R-R (stimulus, response, reinforcement)

Sweller, John

John Sweller

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Known For: Cognitive Load Theory (CLT)

Publications


Thorndike, Edward Lee

Edward Lee Thorndike

Bio

Lifespan: 1874 - 1949

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Known For: Stimulus-Response theories, Instrumental Conditioning (pre-cursor to Operant Conditioning), Cat in the box experiments

Tolman, Edward Chace

Edward Chace Tolman

Bio

Lifespan: 1886 - 1959

Learning Theory: Purposive Behaviorism

Known For: Rats in a maze used a "mental map" & had a purpose (cognitive processes)

van Merriënboer, Jeroen

Jeroen van Merriënboer

Bio

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Vygotsky, Lev

Lev Vygotsky

Bio

Lifespan: 1896 - 1934

Learning Theory: Cognitivism/Constructivism

Known For: Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)

Watson, John

John Watson

Bio

Lifespan: 1878 - 1958

Learning Theory: Behaviorism

Wiley, David A. II

David A. Wiley II

Bio

Lifespan:

Learning Theory: Learning Objects

Known For: Open Education

PhD. Dissertation: Learning Object Design and Sequencing Theory

Yates, Frances A.

Frances A. Yates

Bio

Lifespan: 1899 - 1981

Learning Theory: Cognitivism

Publications

(1966). The art of memory. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.