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The Conditions of Learning

The Events of Instruction

Instructional Event Relation to Learning Process
1. Gaining Attention Reception of patterns of neural impulses
2. Informing the learner of the objective Activating a process of executing control
3. Stimulating recall of prerequisite learned capabilities Retrieval of prior learning to working memory
4. Presenting the stimulus material Emphasizing features for selective perception
5. Providing learning guidance Semantic encoding; cues for retrieval
6. Eliciting performance Activating response organization
7. Providing feedback about performance correctness Establishing reinforcement
8. Assessing the performance Activating retrieval; making reinforcement possible
9. Enhancing retention and transfer Providing cues and strategies for retrieval

Gagné, Wager, Golas, & Keller (2005, p. 195).

The Processes (Events) of Learning - Gagnè 1985.
The Processes of Learning - Gagné, 1985, p. 76.