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Four Component Instructional Design Model (4C/ID)

van Merriënboer (2002) developed the four component instructional design model to address what he felt were limitations in previous offerings by other ID models.

An illustration of the 4C/ID model.
Figure 2 - The 4C/ID model (van Merriënboer, 2002).

Benefits of the 4C/ID Model

4C/ID uses many of the appealing tenets from problem-based learning without going off the deep end and expecting learners to discover knowledge and solutions on their own. Tenets like using real-world problems and presenting the whole task to the learner holistically are at the core of the 4C/ID model. The 4C/ID model also includes supportive information like mental models, cognitive strategies, and cognitive feedback, all of which is specified per task class and is always available to learners. The 4C/ID model also helps fill the gaps of pre-requisite learning that learners might be missing by providing context-sensitive just-in-time information.