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Learning Strategies

Framework for Analyzing the Teaching-Learning Process

Teacher Characteristics
What the teacher knows
Learner Characteristics
What the learner knows
Teaching Strategy
What the teacher does during teaching
Learning Strategy
What the learner does during learning
Encoding Process
How information is processed
Learning Outcome
What is learned
How learning is evaluated

Table 11.1 from Weinstein & Mayer (1986, in Handbook of Research on Teaching, 3rd Ed., p. 316)

Learning Strategies

  • Basic Rehearsal Strategies
    • Repeating the names of items in an ordered list like the order of the planets in the solar system.
  • Complex Rehearsal Strategies
    • Used when the to be learned material is prose, such as a lesson from a science textbook
    • Repeating the material aloud (i.e., shadowing)
    • Copying the material
    • Taking verbatim notes
    • Underlining important parts of the material
  • Basic Elaboration Strategies
  • Complex Elaboration Strategies
  • Basic Organizational Strategies
  • Complex Organizational Strategies
  • Comprehension Monitoring Strategies
  • Affective and Motivational Strategies

The Encoding Process

  • Selection
  • Acquisition
  • Construction
  • Integration